The world needs all kinds of minds | Temple Grandin

I think I’ll start out
and just talk a little bit about what exactly autism is. Autism is a very big continuum that goes from very severe —
the child remains nonverbal — all the way up to brilliant
scientists and engineers. And I actually feel at home here, because there’s a lot
of autism genetics here. (Laughter) You wouldn’t have any — (Applause) It’s a continuum of traits. When does a nerd turn into Asperger,
which is just mild autism? I mean, Einstein and Mozart and Tesla
would all be probably diagnosed as autistic spectrum today. And one of the things
that is really going to concern me is getting these kids to be the ones that are going to invent
the next energy things that Bill Gates talked about this morning. OK, now, if you want
to understand autism: animals. I want to talk to you now
about different ways of thinking. You have to get away from verbal language. I think in pictures.
I don’t think in language. Now, the thing about the autistic mind
is it attends to details. This is a test where you either
have to pick out the big letters or the little letters, and the autistic mind picks out
the little letters more quickly. And the thing is, the normal brain
ignores the details. Well, if you’re building a bridge,
details are pretty important because it’ll fall down
if you ignore the details. And one of my big concerns
with a lot of policy things today is things are getting too abstract. People are getting away
from doing hands-on stuff. I’m really concerned
that a lot of the schools have taken out the hands-on classes,
because art, and classes like that — those are the classes where I excelled. In my work with cattle, I noticed a lot of little things
that most people don’t notice would make the cattle balk. For example, this flag waving
right in front of the veterinary facility. This feed yard was going to tear down
their whole veterinary facility; all they needed to do was move the flag. Rapid movement, contrast. In the early ’70s when I started,
I got right down in the chutes to see what cattle were seeing. People thought that was crazy. A coat on a fence would make them balk,
shadows would make them balk, a hose on the floor —
people weren’t noticing these things. A chain hanging down … And that’s shown
very, very nicely in the movie. In fact, I loved the movie,
how they duplicated all my projects. That’s the geek side. My drawings got to star in the movie, too. And, actually, it’s called
“Temple Grandin,” not “Thinking in Pictures.” So what is thinking in pictures? It’s literally movies in your head. My mind works like Google for images. When I was a young kid,
I didn’t know my thinking was different. I thought everybody thought in pictures. Then when I did my book,
“Thinking in Pictures,” I started interviewing people
about how they think. And I was shocked to find out
that my thinking was quite different. Like if I say, “Think
about a church steeple,” most people get this sort
of generalized generic one. Now, maybe that’s not true in this room, but it’s going to be true
in a lot of different places. I see only specific pictures. They flash up into my memory,
just like Google for pictures. And in the movie,
they’ve got a great scene in there, where the word “shoe” is said,
and a whole bunch of ’50s and ’60s shoes pop into my imagination. OK, there’s my childhood church;
that’s specific. There’s some more, Fort Collins. OK, how about famous ones? And they just kind of come up,
kind of like this. Just really quickly,
like Google for pictures. And they come up one at a time, and then I think, “OK, well,
maybe we can have it snow, or we can have a thunderstorm,” and I can hold it there
and turn them into videos. Now, visual thinking
was a tremendous asset in my work designing
cattle-handling facilities. And I’ve worked really hard
on improving how cattle are treated at the slaughter plant. I’m not going to go
into any gucky slaughter slides. I’ve got that stuff up on YouTube,
if you want to look at it. (Laughter) But one of the things
that I was able to do in my design work is I could test-run a piece
of equipment in my mind, just like a virtual reality
computer system. And this is an aerial view
of a recreation of one of my projects that was used in the movie. That was like just so super cool. And there were a lot of, kind of,
Asperger types and autism types working out there on the movie set, too. (Laughter) But one of the things
that really worries me is: Where’s the younger version
of those kids going today? They’re not ending up in Silicon Valley, where they belong. (Laughter) (Applause) One of the things I learned very early on
because I wasn’t that social, is I had to sell my work, and not myself. And the way I sold livestock jobs
is I showed off my drawings, I showed off pictures of things. Another thing that helped me
as a little kid is, boy, in the ’50s,
you were taught manners. You were taught you can’t pull
the merchandise off the shelves in the store and throw it around. When kids get to be
in third or fourth grade, you might see that this kid’s going
to be a visual thinker, drawing in perspective. Now, I want to emphasize that not every autistic kid
is going to be a visual thinker. Now, I had this brain scan
done several years ago, and I used to joke around about having
a gigantic Internet trunk line going deep into my visual cortex. This is tensor imaging. And my great big Internet trunk line
is twice as big as the control’s. The red lines there are me, and the blue lines are the sex
and age-matched control. And there I got a gigantic one, and the control over there, the blue one,
has got a really small one. And some of the research now is showing that people on the spectrum actually
think with the primary visual cortex. Now, the thing is, the visual thinker
is just one kind of mind. You see, the autistic mind
tends to be a specialist mind — good at one thing, bad at something else. And where I was bad was algebra. And I was never allowed
to take geometry or trig. Gigantic mistake. I’m finding a lot of kids
who need to skip algebra, go right to geometry and trig. Now, another kind of mind
is the pattern thinker. More abstract. These are your engineers,
your computer programmers. This is pattern thinking. That praying mantis is made
from a single sheet of paper — no scotch tape, no cuts. And there in the background
is the pattern for folding it. Here are the types of thinking: photo-realistic visual thinkers, like me; pattern thinkers, music and math minds. Some of these oftentimes
have problems with reading. You also will see these kind of problems
with kids that are dyslexic. You’ll see these different kinds of minds. And then there’s a verbal mind,
they know every fact about everything. Now, another thing is the sensory issues. I was really concerned about having
to wear this gadget on my face. And I came in half an hour beforehand so I could have it put on
and kind of get used to it, and they got it bent
so it’s not hitting my chin. But sensory is an issue. Some kids are bothered
by fluorescent lights; others have problems
with sound sensitivity. You know, it’s going to be variable. Now, visual thinking gave me
a whole lot of insight into the animal mind. Because think about it:
an animal is a sensory-based thinker, not verbal — thinks in pictures,
thinks in sounds, thinks in smells. Think about how much information
there is on the local fire hydrant. He knows who’s been there — (Laughter) When they were there. Are they friend or foe?
Is there anybody he can go mate with? There’s a ton of information
on that fire hydrant. It’s all very detailed information. And looking at these kind of details
gave me a lot of insight into animals. Now, the animal mind, and also my mind, puts sensory-based information
into categories. Man on a horse, and a man on the ground — that is viewed as two
totally different things. You could have a horse
that’s been abused by a rider. They’ll be absolutely fine
with the veterinarian and with the horseshoer,
but you can’t ride him. You have another horse,
where maybe the horseshoer beat him up, and he’ll be terrible for anything
on the ground with the veterinarian, but a person can ride him. Cattle are the same way. Man on a horse, a man on foot —
they’re two different things. You see, it’s a different picture. See, I want you to think
about just how specific this is. Now, this ability to put
information into categories, I find a lot of people
are not very good at this. When I’m out troubleshooting equipment or problems with something in a plant, they don’t seem to be able to figure out: “Do I have a training-people issue? Or do I have something wrong
with the equipment?” In other words, categorize
equipment problem from a people problem. I find a lot of people
have difficulty doing that. Now, let’s say I figure out
it’s an equipment problem. Is it a minor problem,
with something simple I can fix? Or is the whole design
of the system wrong? People have a hard time figuring that out. Let’s just look at something
like, you know, solving problems with making
airlines safer. Yeah, I’m a million-mile flier. I do lots and lots of flying, and if I was at the FAA, what would I be doing a lot
of direct observation of? It would be their airplane tails. You know, five fatal wrecks
in the last 20 years, the tail either came off, or steering stuff inside the tail
broke in some way. It’s tails, pure and simple. And when the pilots walk
around the plane, guess what? They can’t see that stuff inside the tail. Now as I think about that, I’m pulling up all of that
specific information. It’s specific. See, my thinking’s bottom-up. I take all the little pieces and I put
the pieces together like a puzzle. Now, here is a horse that was deathly
afraid of black cowboy hats. He’d been abused by somebody
with a black cowboy hat. White cowboy hats,
that was absolutely fine. Now, the thing is,
the world is going to need all of the different kinds of minds
to work together. We’ve got to work on developing
all these different kinds of minds. And one of the things
that is driving me really crazy as I travel around
and I do autism meetings, is I’m seeing a lot of smart,
geeky, nerdy kids, and they just aren’t very social, and nobody’s working
on developing their interest in something like science. And this brings up the whole thing
of my science teacher. My science teacher is shown
absolutely beautifully in the movie. I was a goofball student
when I was in high school. I just didn’t care at all about studying, until I had Mr. Carlock’s science class. He was now Dr. Carlock in the movie. And he got me challenged
to figure out an optical illusion room. This brings up the whole thing
of you’ve got to show kids interesting stuff. You know, one of the things
that I think maybe TED ought to do is tell all the schools about all
the great lectures that are on TED, and there’s all kinds
of great stuff on the Internet to get these kids turned on. Because I’m seeing a lot
of these geeky, nerdy kids, and the teachers out in the Midwest
and other parts of the country when you get away from these tech areas, they don’t know what to do
with these kids. And they’re not going down the right path. The thing is, you can make a mind to be more of a thinking
and cognitive mind, or your mind can be wired
to be more social. And what some of the research
now has shown in autism is there may by extra wiring back here
in the really brilliant mind, and we lose a few social circuits here. It’s kind of a trade-off
between thinking and social. And then you can get to the point
where it’s so severe, you’re going to have a person
that’s going to be non-verbal. In the normal human mind, language covers up the visual thinking
we share with animals. This is the work of Dr. Bruce Miller. He studied Alzheimer’s patients
that had frontal temporal lobe dementia. And the dementia ate out
the language parts of the brain. And then this artwork came out of somebody who used to install stereos in cars. Now, Van Gogh doesn’t know
anything about physics, but I think it’s very interesting
that there was some work done to show that this eddy pattern
in this painting followed a statistical model
of turbulence, which brings up the whole interesting idea of maybe some of this mathematical
patterns is in our own head. And the Wolfram stuff — I was taking notes and writing down
all the search words I could use, because I think that’s going to go on
in my autism lectures. We’ve got to show
these kids interesting stuff. And they’ve taken out the auto-shop class and the drafting class and the art class. I mean, art was my best subject in school. We’ve got to think about all
these different kinds of minds, and we’ve got to absolutely
work with these kind of minds, because we absolutely are going to need these kinds of people in the future. And let’s talk about jobs. OK, my science teacher got me studying, because I was a goofball
that didn’t want to study. But you know what?
I was getting work experience. I’m seeing too many of these smart kids
who haven’t learned basic things, like how to be on time — I was taught
that when I was eight years old. How to have table manners
at granny’s Sunday party. I was taught that
when I was very, very young. And when I was 13, I had a job
at a dressmaker’s shop sewing clothes. I did internships in college, I was building things, and I also had to learn
how to do assignments. You know, all I wanted to do was draw
pictures of horses when I was little. My mother said, “Well let’s do
a picture of something else.” They’ve got to learn
how to do something else. Let’s say the kid is fixated on Legos. Let’s get him working
on building different things. The thing about the autistic mind
is it tends to be fixated. Like if the kid loves race cars,
let’s use race cars for math. Let’s figure out how long it takes
a race car to go a certain distance. In other words, use that fixation in order to motivate that kid,
that’s one of the things we need to do. I really get fed up when the teachers, especially when you get away
from this part of the country, they don’t know what to do
with these smart kids. It just drives me crazy. What can visual thinkers
do when they grow up? They can do graphic design,
all kinds of stuff with computers, photography, industrial design. The pattern thinkers — they’re the ones
that are going to be your mathematicians, your software engineers,
your computer programmers, all of those kinds of jobs. And then you’ve got the word minds;
they make great journalists, and they also make really,
really good stage actors. Because the thing about being autistic is, I had to learn social skills
like being in a play. You just kind of …
you just have to learn it. And we need to be working
with these students. And this brings up mentors. You know, my science teacher
was not an accredited teacher. He was a NASA space scientist. Some states now are getting it to where,
if you have a degree in biology or in chemistry, you can come into the school
and teach biology or chemistry. We need to be doing that. Because what I’m observing is, the good teachers,
for a lot of these kids, are out in the community colleges. But we need to be getting
some of these good teachers into the high schools. Another thing that can be very,
very, very successful is: there’s a lot of people
that may have retired from working in the software industry, and they can teach your kid. And it doesn’t matter
if what they teach them is old, because what you’re doing
is you’re lighting the spark. You’re getting that kid turned on. And you get him turned on,
then you’ll learn all the new stuff. Mentors are just essential. I cannot emphasize enough
what my science teacher did for me. And we’ve got to mentor them, hire them. And if you bring them in
for internships in your companies, the thing about the autism,
Asperger-y kind of mind, you’ve got to give them a specific task. Don’t just say, “Design new software.” You’ve got to tell them
something more specific: “We’re designing software for a phone and it has to do some specific thing, and it can only use so much memory.” That’s the kind of specificity you need. Well, that’s the end of my talk. And I just want to thank
everybody for coming. It was great to be here. (Applause) (Applause ends) Oh — you have a question for me? OK. (Applause) Chris Anderson:
Thank you so much for that. You know, you once wrote —
I like this quote: “If by some magic, autism had been
eradicated from the face of the Earth, then men would still be socializing
in front of a wood fire at the entrance to a cave.” (Laughter) Temple Grandin: Because who do you think
made the first stone spear? It was the Asperger guy, and if you were to get rid
of all the autism genetics, there’d be no more Silicon Valley,
and the energy crisis would not be solved. (Applause) CA: I want to ask you
a couple other questions, and if any of these feel inappropriate,
it’s OK just to say, “Next question.” But if there is someone here
who has an autistic child, or knows an autistic child and feels
kind of cut off from them, what advice would you give them? TG: Well, first of all,
we’ve got to look at age. If you have a two, three or four-year-old,
no speech, no social interaction, I can’t emphasize enough: Don’t wait. You need at least 20 hours a week
of one-to-one teaching. The thing is, autism comes
in different degrees. About half of the people on the spectrum
are not going to learn to talk, and they won’t be working
in Silicon Valley. That would not be a reasonable
thing for them to do. But then you get these smart,
geeky kids with a touch of autism, and that’s where you’ve got
to get them turned on with doing interesting things. I got social interaction
through shared interests — I rode horses with other kids,
I made model rockets with other kids, did electronics lab with other kids. And in the ’60s, it was gluing mirrors
onto a rubber membrane on a speaker to make a light show. That was, like,
we considered that super cool. (Laughter) CA: Is it unrealistic for them to hope or think that that child
loves them, as some might, as most, wish? TG: Well, I tell you,
that child will be loyal, and if your house is burning down,
they’re going to get you out of it. CA: Wow. So most people, if you ask them
what they’re most passionate about, they’d say things like,
“My kids” or “My lover.” What are you most passionate about? TG: I’m passionate
about that the things I do are going to make
the world a better place. When I have a mother
of an autistic child say, “My kid went to college
because of your book or one of your lectures,” that makes me happy. You know, the slaughter plants
I worked with in the ’80s; they were absolutely awful. I developed a really simple
scoring system for slaughter plants, where you just measure outcomes: How many cattle fell down? How many got poked with the prodder? How many cattle
are mooing their heads off? And it’s very, very simple. You directly observe a few simple things. It’s worked really well. I get satisfaction out of seeing stuff that makes real change in the real world. We need a lot more of that,
and a lot less abstract stuff. CA: Totally. (Applause) CA: When we were talking on the phone,
one of the things you said that really astonished me was that one thing you were passionate
about was server farms. Tell me about that. TG: Well, the reason why I got really
excited when I read about that, it contains knowledge. It’s libraries. And to me, knowledge is something
that is extremely valuable. So, maybe over 10 years ago
now, our library got flooded. This is before the Internet
got really big. And I was really upset
about all the books being wrecked, because it was knowledge being destroyed. And server farms, or data centers,
are great libraries of knowledge. CA: Temple, can I just say, it’s an absolute delight
to have you at TED. Thank you so much. TG: Well, thank you so much. Thank you. (Applause)

100 thoughts on “The world needs all kinds of minds | Temple Grandin”

  1. I feel weird commenting this, but my daughter was recently diagnosed with autism. I've created a blog to help me with the diagnosis. It would mean a lot to me if you would visit it and if you like it please share with others. Thank you.

  2. I suffer from diabetes- according to Temple Grandin's logic that makes me an expert in diabetes. Don't ask doctors about diabetes, ask me! Don't ask psychiatrists about autism, ask people with autism.
    The only thing I am fascinated about, is how her management sells her out, parades her like a circus-animal and somehow still does not manage to brief her well. Catch her off guard once and ask her some questions- you will be unpleasantly surprised of her complete lack of wit. I know it is tabu to critisise her… but everyone should have their own experience with true Temple Grandin. I was utterly disappointed when I met her.

  3. This is unbelievable! My nephew is 15 and has very limited speech but I see soooo much intelligence in him. I am always frustrated that we have super limited communication. I want to mentor him. Can anyone on the spectrum please give me advice? How can I learn the best way to help him. I believe once he can communicate his life will be great.

  4. Wow I'm a pattern thinker. I would have never guessed. I am horrible at paying attention to a page in a book unless I am extremely interested. And I love solving the unsolvable. I used to solve maze puzzles when I was 5 and loved making inventions to make things easier in my life.

  5. My god. She is very similar to me, the only difference we have is our interest. I am interested in technology. I as well have autism. I agree with what she said about the education system, there should be hands on experience in highschool. I used to be lazy at school and never really cared about my grades until I tried out web development. After figuring out that I was talented at it, I started to become really dedicated in learning other things with web development. Then eventually I decided to learn about taking apart computers. After taking apart my computer and putting a new graphics card in my computer, I discovered that I was not just talented with web development, but I was talented with many things with technology. Today I am in college because of web development, I have learned much more about computers and can do many things with computer now that no one could imagine me doing. I currently have a job at the helpdesk as well for tech and soon will be working for verizon wireless. If I never discovered web development, I would not be interested in technology and would be playing videogames all the time. I am very intellegent compaired to who I was back then. The other thing she mentions about in this video is when she talks about being good at one thing and sucking at another thing. This is very true, I am only good at learning about technology and I suck at learning something else. In all honesty, I hope that we meet one day since we have common things to share about autism.

  6. Is she like a mixture of Albert Einstein, Isaac Newton, Galileo , Steven Hawking, and other famous scientists?


  7. Thats exactly right there is few programs outside of technological areas such as the deep south in semi-rual areas

  8. wait, male and female? smart and dumb? creative and dull? aren't those just social constructs forced on us by the patriarchy?

  9. I don't know about all kinds of minds. I think maybe we could do without the psychopaths. Humankind would do well to purge that particular kind of trait from the gene pool.

  10. This is not strictly exclusive to just the known autism spectrum either; as someone who has had TBI since I was six months old, I cannot express what it means to have someone like Temple Grandin, with my TBI being very similar to how she describes autism.  Whether we are talking about people with autism, TBI, bipolar, cerebral palsy, people with physical handicaps, and so forth, we can fulfill our full potential as peoples if we learn to accommodate to each other and in turn benefit from each others' greatest strengths, a greatly rewarding decision if we look past how difficult it may seem at first glance.  All that is gold does not glitter.

  11. Thank you for making the world a better place. Temple Grandin you have no idea how big you are in people's heart. Probably the most inspiring person I know.

  12. As a teenager with Asperger's Syndrome, I find Temple Grandin to be quite inspirational. She has such an eccentric, beautiful, extraordinary mind. I hope to grow up to be as inspirational as her.

  13. THE GEOMETRY THING IS SO TRUE!!! I sucked at algebra growing up. I didn't get it (granted, sometimes I fell asleep in class and missed an important lesson) but in geometry, I fell asleep during one of the hour long lessons and when I woke up, all the other kids came to me for help cause they didn't get it. I told them give me about five minutes, and I was able to figure it out just by looking at it.

  14. I feel really weird because I have autism but I’m pretty extroverted and I really really enjoy going to see movies and concerts. I really really really really love music and film. I can really relate to Temple when she says that she thinks in pictures but instead of that I think in audio. I remember EVERYTHING about that I hear.

  15. I have thought that is the analytic verbal mind that attends to details (in Navon figures) and the happier (Fredrickson & Branigan, 2005), holistic (Oyserman, Sorensen, Weber, & Chen, 2009), pictorial (Takemoto & Brinthaupt, 2017) mind that attends to the whole.

  16. temple,
    thank you so much for teaching me how to be like an animal. It was awesome. you dont need to learn to punch or kick to be an martial artist. you are the martial sage who knows the breathing patterns of animals. It was awesome. Hope I'm not overwhelming you with all this crazy talk.

    yours humbly,


  18. I'm 17 years old and i also happen to suffer from asperger syndrome. It has a lot of struggles and i often feel like i don't belong in the world or that i have no future ahead of me, but hearing Temple Grandin's story makes me feel a little bit better about myself and it reminds me that i can still do great things in this world no matter what disabilities i may have and to always have a positive outlook on life. Ms grandin is a very strong and inspirational woman, and a true role model of mine. I hope i get the chance to meet her in person some day and thank her for all that she's done 🙂

  19. I read the big S and H first. Guess I'm not autistic after all.

  20. Everytime someone says anime, pictures of waifus flash up in my head like google images.

  21. FINALLY some talks on autism. Loved this and her, she also sounds like a female from richard feynman :D, looking forward to studying more of her material!

  22. This talk has made me wonder if there have been any kind of studies/experiments with psychedelics and people with autism. It seems like a perfect fit.

  23. My boyfriend is a pattern thinker, he's an engineer and amazing at any instrument and math. My brother is a verbal mind, he's Asperger's and super knowledgeable about certain topics. I'm more visual. This is so cool to figure out

  24. As someone who is autistic, 21 thank you very much so I’m a bit kid, I’m good at writing, because my imagination runs movies. I suck at drawing kinda, but I am good at writing and science and better at math. I actually hate math, and prefer science because it’s more imaginative. But I suck at remembering things, so I guess writing is my strong suit. Anyways, this was very interesting to watch.

  25. I like that speech and the mindset. But there is still a problem unsolved by her: Changing cultural rules to the better instead of adapting to them. For example: For me, humans are just animals like all others. Killing a human is bad. Why? It is not fair. It is harming. I do not want to be harmed so I do not harm others. Still, people are killing other persons after certain crimes, in the name of their country or just to get a certain meal on their plate.
    Yup, I have a high intelligence and not being vegan seems absolutely barbaric and primitive to me. Being as smart as TG and not even thinking about doing something about that cruelty seems very ignorant to me. But I do not accuse anyone. Ignorance is natural. But it is possible to come over it. Kids can be raised unignorant. I hope this helps someone.

  26. It is genuinely touching after watching her movies and this speech. Every mind should be well treated, so the world will become better with all our efforts. Thank you, Ms Grandin, you really raised me up today.

  27. as a man with aspergers syndrome ( a type of milder autistic spectrum disorder), i applaud you, well done. these type of speeches really hit home.

  28. I absolutely love her. My counsellor recommended that I look up Temple, and I'm so glad that she did. Honestly, she needs to help make very significant changes to the education system.

  29. I'm getting frustrated by people thinking that you have to be disabled or autistic or something to simply admire the awesome work she has done. I appreciate that she showed that picture by Van Gogh and how we now know that it's how the wind patterns are… made me wonder if that was the basis of his severe alcoholism (that he & his mind was seeing in a way that the rest of the world just wasn't). I honestly couldn't agree more about school classes because they STILL have physical education which requires huge amounts of money yearly (simply for upkeep) but there's no additional funding for art, music, photography, journalism (and student run newspapers even if they get the sponsors themselves so really there's advertising courses added in by default as well as photography and possibly satire cartoonists plus the actual article writing… so monthly/weekly newspapers and a twice a year magazine containing the best art [visual and written] containing student obtained sponsorships are gone & not allowed) and even student run daily news shows are vanishing but thousands more dollars are spent to have mainly male only sports teams. But there's still instances of nearly illiterate football players who enter freshman year of college on a scholarship program and depending on the situation; it's as if they are set up to fail. But I digress, she's awesome and we're seeing more people who are extremely visually oriented (like from pop culture: Beyonce and/or Charli XCX who both have synesthesia which has helped to make the music many like). If our teaching system operated to utilize the different learning styles and motivated students with how to change their communities for the betterment of every being… It would be interesting if every teacher in every class required a semester/yearly project using the things they learned from class to effect change in the community and then put it into action with a results paper given at the end of the time. There are so many children who want to change the world and make it a better place especially when they are young, but as they grow up and are educated to realize that trying to do these things…we're always working against the flow of the river as we (tiny salmon) try to make it to the place we need to be (to perpetuate the species). I've been watching too many "vaccination stories", sorry. Still, she's right. We aren't challenged the children to fix our government problems…such as lifetime politicians (which our forefathers were heartily opposed to but yet, that's what we have!).

  30. we need to translate these words into Arabic to increase knowledge about autism in Arab world, and thanks a lot to concern .

  31. No hope for word thinkers……Living as an autistic word thinker is like being half&half who's incapable of "marketable" or "sellable" skill….

  32. Please remember- it was her mothers fight and win! This is the lesson! Be an patient, atentive and trusting parent for these childs

  33. Ne razumem engleski jezik ali anstajn ,mocart…ne mogu da budu u grupi sa nikolom teslom.zao mi je sto ne razumem sta govori.

  34. As long as nasty neurotypicals exist, bigotry towards the autistic will continue. They try to cure us, but will end up killing us. A shame, but there it is.

  35. saw her speak on 4.27.2019 she is a phenomenally gifted speaker and genuinely hilarious, i really identified with everything she had to say, I even think neurotypicals would like her.

  36. Everyone, stop congratulating yourselves on your mutations. It's irritating self-indulgence.. We get it; you're perfect just the way you are.

  37. I am a teenage girl with Asperger’s and my channel is about navigating mental health and socialization in my life

  38. We absolutely LOVE Ms. Grandin – our students got to hear her speak last year. We are big in developing our students for STEM / STEAM education careers, especially ones related to Agriscience.

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